The first legal recognition in the eyes of the law in the UK for two people of the same sex being with each other was civil partnerships. This was passed by parliament in 2004 and came into effected in 2005, this law was put place as a substitute for marriage. It allowed for same sex couples to gain similar legal rights to marriage couples instead of just having a relationship status that allows you no legal right in eyes of law in the UK. For a lot of LGBTQ people this was a step forward. However, this did not make all people equal. This civil partnership only came about due to a lot of people not wanting the “traditional religious meaning of marriage to be effected” by letting same sex couples to get married.
In 2012 the UK parliament voted on the bill that would allow LGBTQ people to get married and the bill passed through parliament and came into effect in 2013. This bill is monumental for the LGBTQ community in the UK but there’s still discrimination and lots of rights that need to be fought for in terms of marriage equality in other countries.
The UK is one of only 31 countries that has legally past legislation or through court decisions have allow same sex couples to get married. Some other countries include Australia, Canada and United States of America and lots more, including the Netherlands which was the first country to pass legalisation supporting it in 2000. However, there’s still a way to go for global marriage equality since only 31 countries out of 195 allow same sex couples to have the right to legally marry. Some these countries have laws not only, not allowing same sex couples to get married, but not affording many rights at all because they see it as wrong and not natural. Some of these countries include Russia and Iran, with many more still not viewing LGBTQ people as equal.
The Freedom to Marry, a 2016 documentary showing the marriage equality movement’s historic progress and story.